All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 2-3 Page 563, 566, 567, 571 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 2-3 | Dryopteridaceae | Cyrtomium

13. Cyrtomium macrophyllum (Makino) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3(2): 62. 1934.

大叶贯众 da ye guan zhong

Aspidium falcatum (Linnaeus f.) Swartz var. macrophyllum Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 16: 90. 1902; Cyrtomium falcatum (Linnaeus f.) C. Presl var. macropterum (Diels) Christ; C. macrophyllum f. minor Ching & K. H. Shing; C. pseudocaudipinnum Ching & K. H. Shing; C. retrosopaleaceum Ching & K. H. Shing; Polystichum caryotideum (Wallich ex Hooker & Greville) Diels var. macropterum (Diels) Nakai; P. falcatum (Linnaeus f.) Diels var. macrophyllum (Makino) Matsumura; P. falcatum f. macropterum Diels; P. macrophyllum (Makino) Tagawa.

Plants 30-60 cm tall. Rhizome erect, densely covered with lanceolate blackish brown scales. Stipe stramineous, 16-38 cm, 3-4 mm in diam. at base, lower portion densely scaly; scales blackish brown, ovate or lanceolate, dentate, often twisted. Lamina oblong-ovate or narrowly oblong, 28-54 × 10-30 cm, base not contracted or slightly wider, 1-imparipinnate, apex obtuse; rachis with lanceolate to linear blackish brown scales. Lateral pinnae 3-8 pairs, slightly ascendant, shortly stalked, basal 1 or 2 pairs ovate and often larger, remaining pinnae oblong-ovate; middle pinnae 12-20 × 4-7 cm, base broadly cuneate or rounded-cuneate, margins entire, sometimes distal margins serrulate, apex acuminate or acute and shortly caudate; terminal pinna ovate or rhombic-ovate, forked or trifurcate, 10-16 × 10-12 cm; hard papery, sometimes with sparse lanceolate brown microscales abaxially, glabrous adaxially; venation pinnate, slightly raised abaxially, indistinct adaxially, veinlets anastomosing to form multiple rows of areoles. Sori throughout abaxial surface of pinnae; indusia margins entire.

Forests; 700-2500 m. Anhui, S Gansu (Kangxian, Wenxian), Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi (Pingli), Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang (Bomi, Zham), Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Japan, Kashmir, Nepal, Pakistan].

Cyrtomium macrophyllum is both sexual and apomictic.


Related Objects Image Gallery 
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |