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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 2-3 | Polypodiaceae | Pyrrosia

28. Pyrrosia tonkinensis (Giesenhagen) Ching, Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 55. 1935.

中越石韦 zhong yue shi wei

Niphobolus tonkinensis Giesenhagen, Niphobolus, 144. 1901; Cyclophorus tonkinensis (Giesenhagen) C. Christensen; Pyrrosia porosa (C. Presl) Hovenkamp var. tonkinensis (Giesenhagen) Hovenkamp.

Plants 10-40 cm tall. Rhizome shortly elongated, 1.6-3.1 mm in diam., in cross section with few to many sclerenchyma strands; phyllopodia 0.3-0.7 cm apart, lateral buds alternating with phyllopodia. Scales peltate 3.6-6.2 × 0.5-1.3 mm, base entire to dentate; acumen light brown, dentate. Fronds monomorphic, sessile or indistinctly stipitate; lamina widest above middle, 8-22 × 0.5-1 cm, base gradually narrowed, apex acute to acuminate. Hydathodes distinct, superficial. Indument persistent, dimorphic, dense, brown or lower layer whitish; hairs 0.2-0.8 mm in diam., with acicular rays appressed to a layer with mainly woolly rays. Sori superficial, without central bundle of paraphyses. Sporangia with stalks 0.5-1 × as long as capsule.

On tree trunks or rocks in forests; near sea level to 1600 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [Laos, Thailand, Vietnam].


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