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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Pinaceae | Abies

15. Abies fabri (Masters) Craib, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 11: 278. 1919.

冷杉 leng shan

Keteleeria fabri Masters in F. B. Forbes & Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 555. 1902; Abies delavayi Franchet var. fabri (Masters) D. R. Hunt.

Trees to 40 m tall; trunk to 1 m d.b.h.; bark gray or dark gray, flaking; branchlets initially light brown or grayish yellow, turning brownish gray in 2nd or 3rd year, puberulent or glabrous; winter buds globose or ovoid, resinous. Leaves ascending on upper side of branchlets, pectinately arranged in 2 lateral sets on lower side, bright green adaxially, linear, 1.5-3 cm × 2-2.5 mm, stomatal lines in 2 white bands abaxially, resin canals 2, marginal, margin revolute, apex emarginate or obtuse. Seed cones shortly stalked, slightly glaucous, ovoid-cylindric or shortly cylindric, 6-11 × 3-4.5 cm. Seed scales at middle of cones flabellate-trapeziform, 1.4-2 × 1.6-2.4 cm, margin auriculate laterally. Bracts cuneate-obovate, apex broadly rounded, shortly cuspidate, cusp slightly exserted, reflexed, acute. Seeds narrowly ellipsoid, 1.3-1.6 cm including black-brown, cuneate wing. Pollination May, seed maturity Oct.

* Mountains, river basins; 1500-4000 m. Sichuan

The timber is used for construction, furniture, and wood pulp. The bark is used for producing resin, and the leaves for dry oil.


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