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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Pinaceae | Abies

12. Abies yuanbaoshanensis Y. J. Lu & L. K. Fu in L. K. Fu et al., Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18: 206. 1980.

元宝山冷杉 yuan bao shan leng shan

Trees to 25 m tall; trunk to 60 cm d.b.h.; bark dark red-brown, irregularly fissured; branchlets initially yellow- or light brown, turning brownish black in 2nd or 3rd year, glabrous; winter buds brown-red, conical, very resinous. Leaves slightly or rarely radially spreading and shorter on upper side of branchlets, laterally spreading and longer on lower side, linear, 1-2.7 cm × 1.8-2.5 mm, stomatal lines in 2 white bands abaxially, resin canals 2, marginal, margin recurved when dry, apex emarginate. Seed cones green or yellow-green, ripening light brown-yellow, shortly cylindric, 8-9 × 4.5-5 cm. Seed scales at middle of cones flabellate-trapeziform, ca. 2 × 2.2 cm, exposed part densely pale pubescent, margin recurved, auriculate laterally at base, distal part thickened, apex rounded-truncate. Bracts obviously exserted and recurved, at least as long as seed scales, distal part widely rounded, apex with a small cusp. Seeds obtriangular-ellipsoid, vesicular, dark red-brown resinous, ca. 1 cm; wing cuneate, ca. 2 × longer than seed. Pollination May, seed maturity Oct.

* 1700-2100 m. N Guangxi (Rongshui Miaozu Zizhixian, Yuanbao Shan)

An endangered species.


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