32. Salix matsudana Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 29: 312. 1915.
旱柳 han liu
Trees to 18 m tall; trunk to 80 cm d.b.h.; bark dull grayish black, furrowed; crown broadly globose. Branchlets erect or spreading, brownish yellow or greenish, becoming brown, slender, glabrous, pilose when young. Buds slightly pubescent. Stipules when present lanceolate, margin glandular serrulate; petiole 5-8 mm, villous; leaf blade lanceolate, 5-10 × 1-1.5 cm, abaxially glaucous or slightly white, villous when young, adaxially green, shiny, base narrowly rounded, rarely cuneate, margin glandular serrulate, apex long acuminate. Male catkin cylindric, 1.5-2.5(-3) cm × 6-8 mm, ± pedunculate; bracts yellowish green, ovate, ± pubescent at base or glabrous, apex obtuse. Male flower: glands 2; stamens 2, long pubescent at base; anthers yellow. Female catkin ca. 2 cm × 4 mm, with 3-5 leaflets at base; bracts as in male catkin. Female flower: glands adaxial and abaxial or only adaxial gland present; ovary long ellipsoid, glabrous, subsessile; style almost absent; stigma ovate, lobed. Fl. Apr, fr. Apr-May. 2n = 38*.
* Commonly planted on plains, riverbanks. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang
A. K. Skvortsov believes that this species may be synonymous with Salix babylonica.