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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Loranthaceae | Taxillus

18. Taxillus levinei (Merrill) H. S. Kiu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 21: 181. 1983.

锈毛钝果寄生 xiu mao dun guo ji sheng

Loranthus levinei Merrill, Philipp. J. Sci. 15: 233. 1920 [“1919”]; Scurrula levinei (Merrill) Danser; Taxillus rutilus Danser.

Shrubs 0.5-2 m tall, young stems, abaxial leaf surface, petiole, inflorescences, peduncles, and corollas tomentose, hairs rusty red, rarely brown, densely verticillate. Branches grayish brown or dark brown, glabrous, scattered lenticellate. Leaves alternate or subopposite; petiole 6-12(-15) mm; leaf blade greenish yellow or brownish when dried, ovate, rarely elliptic or oblong, 4-10 × 1.5-4.5 cm, leathery, abaxial surface persistently tomentose, hairs mostly stellate, paler than on stems and inflorescences, adaxial surface rapidly glabrescent, lateral veins 4-6 pairs, adaxially prominent, base subrounded, apex obtuse, rarely acute. Umbels solitary or 2 together, sometimes at leaf-less nodes, (1 or)2(or 3)-flowered; peduncle 2.5-5 mm; bracts triangular, 0.5-1 mm. Pedicel 1-2 mm. Calyx ovoid, ca. 2 mm, limb annular. Mature bud (1.8-)2-2.2 cm, tip ovoid. Corolla red, slightly curved, tube inflated, lobes spatulate, 5-7 mm, reflexed. Filaments 2.5-3 mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Stigma capitate. Berry yellow, ovoid, ca. 6 × 4 mm, granulose, stellate hairy. Fl. Sep-Dec, fr. Apr-May.

* Forests, mountain slopes, valleys, orchards; 200-700(-1200) m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, SE Yunnan, Zhejiang.

The plants have medicinal uses. Recorded hosts include Camellia oleifera, Castanea mollissima, Castanopsis kawakamii, Cinnamomum camphora, and Quercus championii, and rarely Cunninghamia lanceolata.


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