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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Loranthaceae | Taxillus

16. Taxillus nigrans (Hance) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3. 11: 445. 1931.

毛叶钝果寄生 mao ye dun guo ji sheng

Loranthus nigrans Hance, J. Bot. 19: 209. 1881; L. lonicerifolius Hayata; L. rhododendricola Hayata; L. seraggodostemon Hayata; Scurrula lonicerifolia (Hayata) Danser; S. rhododendricola (Hayata) Danser; S. seraggodostemon (Hayata) Danser; Taxillus lonicerifolius (Hayata) S. T. Chiu; T. lonicerifolius var. longifolius S. T. Chiu; T. rhododendricola (Hayata) S. T. Chiu.

Shrubs 0.5-1 m tall, young stems, leaves, inflorescences, and corollas tomentose, hairs mixed, grayish yellow, yellowish brown or brown, both verticillate and stellate. Branches grayish brown or blackish, glabrous, scattered lenticellate. Leaves opposite or alternate; petiole 5-8 mm, tomentose; leaf blade blackish or yellowish brown when dried, narrowly elliptic, oblong, or ovate, 6-11 × 3-5 cm, leathery, abaxial surface persistently tomentose, adaxial surface rapidly glabrescent, lateral veins 4 or 5 pairs, adaxially slightly elevated, base cuneate to rounded, apex acute or obtuse. Subumbels solitary or 2-3(-5)-fascicled, with short rachis, sometimes at leafless nodes, 2-5-flowered; peduncle 2-4 mm; bracts triangular, ca. 1 mm. Pedicel 1-1.5 mm. Calyx ovoid, ca. 2 mm, limb annular, entire. Mature bud 1.2-1.8(-2.3) cm, tip ovoid, sometimes acute. Corolla reddish yellow, slightly curved to ± straight, tube inflated, lobes spatulate, 4-6 mm, slightly patent or reflexed. Filaments 1.5-3 mm; anthers ca. 1.5 mm. Stigma capitate. Fruiting pedicel 2-3 mm. Berry yellowish, ellipsoid, ca. 7 × 4 mm, scabrid, pilose. Fl. Aug-Nov, fr. Apr-May.

* Forests, mountain slopes, valleys; 300-1300 m. Fujian, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan.

A traditional Chinese medicine “sang ji sheng” is made from this taxon. Recorded hosts include Camellia oleifera, Cinnamomum camphora, Morus alba, and species of Quercus and Salix. Collections from Taiwan with rather longer flowers (1.7–2.3 cm) and tips of buds more or less acute have been treated as Taxillus lonicerifolius var. longifolius.


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