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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Loranthaceae | Taxillus

9. Taxillus umbellifer (J. H. Schultes) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3. 11: 445. 1931.

伞花钝果寄生 san hua dun guo ji sheng

Loranthus umbellifer J. H. Schultes in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 97. 1829, based on L. umbellatus Wallich in Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 222. 1824, not Roth (1821); Scurrula umbellifer (J. H. Schultes) G. Don.

Shrubs 1.5-2 m tall, young stems tomentose, becoming glabrous, hairs dark brown, stellate. Branches grayish, lenticellate. Leaves opposite or subopposite; petiole 8-12 mm; leaf blade oblong-ovate or elliptic, 10-12 × 5-6 cm, leathery, abaxial surface persistently tomentose, adaxial surface rapidly glabrescent, lateral veins 5-7 pairs, prominent on both surfaces, base cuneate, slightly decurrent, apex shortly acuminate or obtuse. Umbels 2- or 3-fascicled, sometimes at leafless node, 2- or 3-flowered; peduncle 3-4 mm, stellate hairy; bracts ovate, ca. 1.5 mm. Pedicel ca. 5 mm. Calyx ellipsoid, ca. 4-5 mm, limb annular, minutely 4-toothed. Mature bud 3.7-4.2 cm, tip ellipsoid. Corolla red, slightly curved, hairy, middle portion inflated, lobes lanceolate, ca. 8 mm, reflexed. Filaments ca. 1.5 mm; anthers 3-4 mm. Stigma capitate. Young berry ellipsoid, pilose. Fl. Aug.

Forests, mountain slopes; 1500-1800 m. Xizang (Mêdog) [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim].

Recorded hosts include Pyrularia edulis and species of Symplocos.


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