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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Berberidaceae | Berberis

4. Berberis dictyophylla Franchet, Pl. Delavay. 39. 1889.

刺红珠 ci hong zhu

Shrubs, deciduous, 1-2.5 m tall. Stems blackish gray or yellow-brown; young shoots purplish red, subterete, pruinose or not; spines 3-fid, sometimes simple, pale yellow or grayish, 1-3 cm. Leaves subsessile; leaf blade adaxially dark green, narrowly obovate, oblong, or elliptic, 1-2.5 cm × 6-8 mm, thickly papery or subleathery, abaxially white pruinose or not pruinose, both surfaces with raised lateral and reticulate veins, base cuneate, margin entire, apex rounded or obtuse. Flowers solitary. Pedicels 3-10 mm, sometimes pruinose. Sepals in 2 whorls; outer sepals linear-oblong, ca. 6.5 × 2.5 mm; inner sepals oblong-elliptic, 8-9 × ca. 4 mm. Petals narrowly obovate, ca. 8 × 3-6 mm, base clawed, with widely separated glands, apex entire. Stamens 4.5-5 mm; anther connective slightly prolonged, shortly apiculate. Ovules 3-6. Berry red, ovoid, ovoid-globose, or oblong-ovoid, 9-14 × 6-8 mm, pruinose; style persistent, sometimes bent. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Sep.

● Mountain slopes, thickets, forest understories, river beaches, streamsides, forest margins, roadsides; 2500-4800 m. Qinghai, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan.

1 Branchlets usually pruinose; leaf blade narrowly obovate or oblong, abaxially pruinose; ovules 3 or 4; fruit ovoid or ovoid-globose.   4a var. dictyophylla
+ Branchlets not pruinose; leaf blade elliptic, abaxially not pruinose; ovules 5 or 6; fruit oblong-ovoid.   4b var. epruinosa

Lower Taxa


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Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image/JPEG (David E. Boufford)
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