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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Magnoliaceae | Michelia

2. Michelia champaca Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 536. 1753.

黄兰 huang lan

Trees, to 50 m or taller, to 1.9 m d.b.h. Buds, young twigs, young petioles, and young leaf blades pale yellow appressed pubescent. Twigs ascending and forming a narrow umbelliform crown. Stipular scar 0.3-1 × as long as petiole. Petiole 2-4 cm; leaf blade elliptic or ovate, 10-20(-30) × 4.5-10 cm, abaxially slightly puberulous, base broadly cuneate, cuneate, or rounded, apex long acuminate to subcaudate. Flowers fragrant. Tepals 15-20, yellow, oblanceolate, 2-4 × 0.4-0.5 cm. Staminal connective exserted and forming a long tip. Gynophore ca. 3 mm; gynoecium with trichomes. Fruit 7-15 cm; mature carpels obovoid-ellipsoid, 1-1.5 cm, tuberculate. Seeds 2-4 per carpel, rugose. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Sep-Oct.

Evergreen broad-leaved forests; 200-1600 m. S Xizang, S and SW Yunnan; cultivated in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].


1 Leaf blade ovate, base cuneate to narrowly cuneate, apical acumen often quite long; stipular scar almost 0.5 × to as long as petiole.   2a var. champaca
+ Leaf blade ± elliptic, base cuneate to rounded, apical acumen often rather short; stipular scar 0.3-0.7 × as long as petiole.   2b var. pubinervia

Lower Taxa


 

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