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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Schisandraceae | Schisandra

14. Schisandra henryi C. B. Clarke, Gard. Chron., ser. 3,. 38: 162. 1905.

翼梗五味子 yi geng wu wei zi

Plants glabrous throughout. Young branches narrowly to conspicuously winged; leaf-bearing branches elongated. Petiole 1.2-4(-6.2) cm; leaf blade elliptic to ovate, (5.5-)7.5-11.5(-14) × 3-9 cm, thinly papery, papery, or rarely subleathery, abaxially ± glaucous, secondary veins 4-6 on each side of midvein, base cuneate, broadly cuneate, or truncate and often ± decurrent on petiole, margin denticulate, serrulate, or rarely subentire or entire, apex shortly to long acuminate. Flowers axillary to semi-persistent or persistent leaf-bud scales at base of young shoots or axillary to leaves, solitary; peduncle 1.7-6.2 cm (staminate), 3.2-4.7 cm (pistillate). Tepals 6-10, yellow to orange but inner ones often red, largest 5.5-13 × 3.5-13 mm. Staminate flowers: stamens 12-46, ± distinct; pollen 6-colpate. Pistillate flowers: carpels 28-65; pseudostyle narrow. Fruit peduncle 3.5-14.5 cm; torus 1.5-11 cm; apocarps red, 4.5-9.5 × 3-7.5 mm. Seed testa rugulose to very tuberculate. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. Jul-Oct.

● Forests, thickets, shrublands; 500-2100(-2300) m. Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.

This species is a horticultural plant with edible fruit. It is used medicinally.

1 Leaf blade not glaucescent; tepals orange or yellow and red; staminate flowers with 8-10 tepals.   14b subsp. yunnanensis
+ Leaf blade abaxially variably glaucescent; tepals yellow, without red pigmentation; staminate flowers with 6-8 tepals   (2)
2 (1) Branches conspicuously winged; staminate flowers with 23-46 stamens.   14a subsp. henryi
+ Branches narrowly winged; staminate flowers with 12-19 stamens.   14c subsp. marginalis

Lower Taxa


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