6. Schisandra sphenanthera Rehder & E. H. Wilson in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 1: 414. 1913.
华中五味子 hua zhong wu wei zi
Schisandra chinensis (Turczaninow) Baillon var. rubriflora Franchet; S. flaccidiramosa C. R. Sun; S. grandiflora (Wallich) J. D. Hooker & Thomson var. rubriflora (Franchet) C. K. Schneider.
Plants glabrous throughout. Young branches lacking wings; leaf-bearing branches elongated. Petiole 1.5-3.5 cm; leaf blade elliptic, ovate, or rarely obovate, 4-11(-13.5) × 2-6(-8) cm, papery, not glaucous, secondary veins (3 or)4 or 5(-8) on each side of midvein, base cuneate, broadly cuneate, or truncate, margin denticulate, serrulate, or rarely subentire or entire, apex shortly to long acuminate. Flowers axillary to fugacious bracts at base of young shoots, solitary; peduncle 0.8-5.4 cm (staminate), 1.8-6.4 cm (pistillate). Tepals 5-9, yellow, orange, or red, largest 6-11.5 × 3.5-8.5 mm. Staminate flowers: stamens 11-25, ± distinct; pollen 6-colpate. Pistillate flowers: carpels 25-45; pseudostyle small. Fruit peduncle 2-10 cm; torus 2.5-14(-22) cm; apocarps red, 5.5-9 × 4-8 mm. Seed testa ± smooth. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Jun-Oct.
● Forests, thickets; (200-)700-2000(-5100) m. Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, NE Yunnan, Zhejiang.
This species is a horticultural plant with edible fruit. It is used medicinally, as well as in wine and vinegar preparation and soap and lubricant manufacture.