6. Cerasus humilis (Bunge) Sokolov, Trees & Shrubs URSS. 3: 751. 1954.
欧李 ou li
Prunus humilis Bunge, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 2: 97. 1835; P. glandulosa Thunberg var. salicifolia (B. M. Komarov) Koehne; P. japonica Thunberg var. salicifolia B. M. Komarov.
Shrubs 0.4–1.5 m tall. Branchlets grayish brown, pubescent. Winter buds ovoid, sparsely pubescent to subglabrous. Stipules linear, 5–6 mm, margin glandular. Petiole 2–4 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; leaf blade narrowly obovate-elliptic to obovate-oblanceolate, 2.5–5 × 1–2 cm, abaxially pale green and glabrous or sparsely pubescent, adaxially dark green and glabrous, base cuneate, margin serrate or biserrate, apex acute to shortly acuminate; secondary veins 6–8 on either side of midvein. Flowers solitary or to 3 in a fascicle, opening at same time as leaves. Pedicel 5–10 mm, sparsely pubescent. Hypanthium campanulate, ca. 3 × 3 mm, outside pilose. Sepals triangular-ovate, apex acute to obtuse. Petals pink or white, oblong to obovate. Stamens 30–35. Style nearly as long as stamens, glabrous. Drupe red to purplish red, subglobose, 1.5–1.8 cm in diam.; endocarp sides sparsely ribbed. Fl. Apr–May, fr. Jun–Oct.
Thickets, mountain slopes, sunny sandy slopes, also cultivated; 400--1800 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan.
This species is used medicinally and for its edible fruit.