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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Cerasus

35. Cerasus serrulata (Lindley) Loudon, Hort. Brit. 480. 1830.

山樱桃 shan ying hua

Trees 3–8 m tall. Bark grayish brown to grayish black. Branchlets grayish white or tinged brown, glabrous. Winter buds ovoid, glabrous. Stipules linear, 5–8 mm, margin gland-tipped fimbriate. Petiole 1–1.5 cm, glabrous, sparsely pilose, or pubescent, apex with 1–3 rounded nectaries; leaf blade ovate-elliptic to obovate-elliptic, 5–9 × 2.5–5 cm, abaxially pale green and glabrous, sparsely pilose, or pubescent, adaxially dark green and glabrous or sparsely pilose, base rounded, margin acuminately serrate or biserrate and teeth with a minute apical gland, apex acuminate; secondary veins 6–8 on either side of midvein. Inflorescences corymbose-racemose or subumbellate, 2-or 3-flowered; involucral bracts brownish red, obovate-oblong, ca. 8 × 4 mm, abaxially glabrous, adaxially villous; peduncle 5–10 mm, glabrous; bracts brown or tinged greenish brown, 5–8 × 2.5–4 mm, margin glandular serrate. Pedicel 1.5–2.5 cm, glabrous, sparsely pilose, or pubescent. Hypanthium tubular, 5–6 × 2–3 mm, apically enlarged. Sepals triangular-lanceolate, ca. 5 mm, margin entire, apex acuminate to acute. Petals white or rarely pink, obovate, apex emarginate. Stamens ca. 38. Style glabrous. Drupe purplish black, globose to ovoid, 8–10 mm in diam. Fl. Apr–May, fr. May–Jul.

3Forests in ravines, forests on mountain slopes, also cultivated; 400--1500 m. Anhui, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].

1 Leaf blade margin biserrate, teeth acuminate with a long awn apically   35c var. lannesiana
+ Leaf blade margin serrate or biserrate, teeth with a minute gland apically.   (2)
2 (1) Petioles, abaxial surface of leaf blades, and pedicels glabrous or sparsely pilose.   35a var. serrulata
+ Petioles, abaxial surface of leaf blades, and pedicels pubescent.   35b var. pubescens

Lower Taxa


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  • Flora of China Illustrations vol. 9, fig. 173, 3-4
  • Illustration

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