28. Cerasus yedoensis (Matsumura) A. V. Vassiljeva, Trans. Sukhumi Bot. Gard., Fasc. 10: 124. 1957.
东京樱花 dong jing ying hua
Prunus yedoensis Matsumura, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 15: 100. 1901; P. paracerasus Koehne; P. yedoensis var. nudiflora Koehne.
Trees 4–16 m tall. Bark gray. Branchlets pale purplish brown, glabrous; young branchlets green, pilose. Winter buds ovoid, glabrous. Stipules lanceolate, pubescent. Petiole 1-3–1.5 cm, densely pubescent, with or withoug 1 or 2 glands at apex; leaf blade elliptic to obovate, 5–12 × 2.5–7 cm, abaxially pale green and pilose on veins, adaxially dark green, glabrous, base rounded to rarely cuneate, margin sharply glandular serrate, apex acuminate to cuspidate; secondary veins 7–10 on each side of midvein. Inflorescences umbellate-racemose, 3- or 4-flowered; involucral bracts brown, elliptic-ovate, 6–7 × 4–5 mm, pilose on both surfaces; peduncle very short; bracts brown, spatulate-oblong, ca. 5 × 2–3 mm, margin glandular. Flowers opening before leaves, 3–3.5 cm in diam. Pedicel 2–2.5 cm, pubescent. Hypanthium tubular, 7–8 × ca. 3 mm, outside pilose, margin glandular serrate, apex emarginate or 2-lobed. Stamens ca. 32, shorter than petals. Style base pilose. Drupe black, subglobose, 0.7–1 cm in diam.; endocarp slightly sculptured. Fl. Apr, fr. May. 2n = 16.
Cultivated mainly in Beijing, Jiangsu (Nanjing Shi), Jiangxi (Nanchang Shi), and Shandong (Qingdao Shi) [native to Japan and Korea (Cheju Island)].