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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae | Ormosia

22. Ormosia henryi Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 69: 180. 1900.

花榈木 hua lü mu

Fedorovia henryi (Prain) Yakovlev; Ormosia mollis Dunn.

Trees evergreen, to 16 m, to 40 cm d.b.h. Bark of stems grayish green, smooth, shallowly striate. Branchlets, rachis, and inflorescence densely appressed tawny tomentose. Leaves im­paripinnate, 13-32.5(-35) cm; leaflets (3-)5-7; petiolule 3-6 mm; blades elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 4.3-13.5(-17) × 2.3-6.8 cm, leathery, abaxial surface and petiole densely appressed yel­lowish brown tomentose, adaxial surface dark green and gla­brous, base rounded or broadly cuneate, sometimes slightly cor­date, margin slightly repand, apex broadly rounded or acute, blunt or mucronate; lateral veins 6-11 pairs, angled 45° with midvein. Panicles terminal, or racemes axillary, (8-)11-17 cm, densely appressed brownish tomentose. Flowers ca. 2 × 2 cm; pedicel 7-12 mm. Calyx campanulate, 5.5-6 mm; teeth ca. 2/3 length of calyx, triangular-ovate, densely appressed brownish tomentose on both surfaces. Corolla greenish white, darker at center, margin green and slightly purplish; standard suborbicu­lar, apex rounded or retuse, claw thickened; wings purplish green, obovate-oblong, ca. 1.4 × 1 cm, claw ca. 3 mm; keel obovate-oblong, ca. 1.6 × 0.7 cm, claw ca. 3.5 mm. Stamens free, 1.3-2.5 cm, unequal; filaments light green; anthers light grayish purple. Ovary flattened, densely appressed brownish villous along suture, otherwise glabrous; ovules 9 or 10; style filiform; stigma oblique. Legumes compressed, oblong, 5-12 × 1.5-4 cm, apex beaked, stipe ca. 5 mm; valves purplish brown, 2-3 mm thick, leathery, glabrous, internally septate. Seeds (1-)4-8, red-brown to scarlet, ellipsoid or ovoid, 0.8-1.5 cm, glossy; hilum ca. 3 mm. Fl. Jul-Aug, fr. Oct-Nov.

● Mountain slopes, streamsides in mixed forests; 100-1300 m. Anhui, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, SE Yunnan, Zhejiang.


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