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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Staphyleaceae | Turpinia

13. Turpinia cochinchinensis (Loureiro) Merrill, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 43. 1938.

越南山香圆 yue nan shan xiang yuan

Triceros cochinchinensis Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 184. 1790; Maurocenia cochinchinensis (Loureiro) Kuntze; Turpinia microcarpa Wight & Arnott; T. nepalensis Wallich ex Wight & Arnott.

Trees, deciduous, 6-7(-12) m tall; old branches dark brown or black-brown, young branches gray, lenticels brown, impressed. Leaves odd-pinnate, 15-21 cm; leaflets 3-5; leaflet blades oblong to oblong-obovate, (6-)10-12(-13) × 2.5-4(-5) cm, leathery, glabrous, lateral veins 7 or 8(-10) pairs, conspicuous, base acute, margin crenately serrate, apex acuminate. Panicle terminal or axillary, compact, with densely arranged small flowers, 8-14(-23) cm; bracts and bracteoles small, caducous. Sepals broadly ovate, 1-1.5 mm, margin white. Petals oblong, ca. 2 mm. Stamens as long as petals; anthers rounded with 2 thecae. Floral disk undulate. Styles 3, ca. 1 mm; stigma nearly saucer-shaped. Berry dark brown, ca. 7 mm in diam., with 3 short horns (remains of styles).

Moist and shady forests; 1200-2100 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, S Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].


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