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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Rhamnaceae | Paliurus

3. Paliurus hemsleyanus Rehder ex Schirarend & Olabi, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 116: 341. 1994.

铜钱树 tong qian shu

Evergreen shrubs to medium-sized trees, to 20 m tall. Young branchlets, axillary buds, petioles, and major leaf venation ± densely brownish pubescent, flowers and fruit glabrous. Leaves alternate; petiole (6-)8-20 mm, glabrous or subglabrous, with 2 erect, stipular spines restricted to vegetative shoots; leaf blade broadly ovate to broadly elliptic, 4-12 × 3-9 cm, papery or thickly papery, both surfaces glabrous, 3-veined from base, base obtuse to rounded, often ± oblique, margin crenate or obtusely serrulate, apex acuminate to acute. Flowers glabrous, in cymes or cymose panicles, terminal or axillary together. Sepals triangular or broadly ovate, ca. 2 × 1.8 mm. Petals spatulate, ca. 1.8 × 1.2 mm. Stamens longer than petals. Disk pentagonous, 5-lobed. Ovary 3-loculed; style deeply 3-cleft. Drupe disk-shaped, comparatively large, 2-3.5 cm in diam., base conical, apex flattened; wing thinly papery to leathery; fruiting pedicel 1.2-1.5 cm. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Jul-Sep.

● Mountain forests, often cultivated in gardens; below 1600 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.


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