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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Elaeocarpaceae | Elaeocarpus

26. Elaeocarpus braceanus Watt ex C. B. Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 25: 8. 1890.

滇藏杜英 dian zang du ying

Elaeocarpus shunningensis Hu.

Trees 5-15 m tall. Bark brown; branchlets rust-brown puberulent, glabrescent on older branches, with gray-white lenticels and persistent bracts. Petiole 1-3 cm, rust-brown puberulent; leaf blade adaxially dark greenish, not shiny, oblong or elliptic, 10-18 × 4-7.5 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially rust-brown puberulent, adaxially with rudimentary hairs on midvein, lateral veins 10-12 per side, prominently raised abaxially, conspicuous adaxially, veinlets prominently raised abaxially, conspicuous adaxially, base obtuse or nearly rounded, margin irregularly minutely crenate, apex acuminate or acute. Racemes in axils of fallen leaves, 10-15 cm; peduncles rust-brown pubescent. Pedicel 3-5 cm, rust-brown pubescent; bract 1, at base of pedicel; bracteoles 2 or 3, in upper 1/2 of pedicels, nearly reniform, abaxially tomentose, apex incised. Flowers bisexual. Sepals 5, oblong-lanceolate, ca. 6.5 × 2.5-3 mm, both surfaces brown pubescent. Petals 5, obtriangular-ovate, 4-6 mm, laciniate to middle, both surfaces puberulent; segments 30-40. Stamens 40-50; filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers 3.5-4 mm, not awned at apices, puberulent. Disk 5-lobed, tomentose. Ovary 3-loculed; style 3-4 mm, pubescent in lower half. Drupe ellipsoid, ca. 4 × 2.5 cm, rudimentary tomentose; exocarp inconspicuous; endocarp bony, 5-6 mm thick, lacunose, 1-loculed. Seed 1, ca. 2 cm. Fl. Oct-Nov, fr. Nov-?Jan.

Forests; 800-3000 m. SE Xizang, S Yunnan [India, Myanmar, Thailand].

The fruit is edible.


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