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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Elaeocarpaceae | Elaeocarpus

14. Elaeocarpus sylvestris (Loureiro) Poiret in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 2: 704. 1811.

山杜英 shan du ying

Adenodus sylvestris Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 294. 1790; Elaeocarpus henryi Hance; E. kwangtungensis Hu; E. omeiensis Rehder & E. H. Wilson.

Trees to 15 m tall. Branchlets slender, sparsely pale pilose. Petiole 1-1.5 cm, sparsely pubescent at first, glabrescent; leaf blade black-brown when dry, obovate or oblanceolate, 4-12 × 2-7 cm, papery, both surfaces glabrous, lateral veins usually 4 or 5 per side, prominent abaxially, inconspicuous adaxially, veinlets sparse, conspicuous adaxially, base narrowly cuneate, decurrent, margin crenate or sinuately crenate, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate. Racemes in axils of fallen and current leaves, 4-6 cm; peduncles slender, glabrous, rarely gray-white pubescent. Pedicel 3-5 mm, slender, usually glabrous. Flowers bisexual. Sepals 5, lanceolate, ca. 4 mm, both surfaces sparsely pubescent. Petals 5, obovate, laciniate in upper 1/2; segments 10-12, abaxially pubescent at base. Stamens 15, ca. 3 mm; anthers not awned at apices, puberulent. Disk 5-lobed, globose, completely separate, white pubescent. Ovary pubescent, 2- or 3-loculed; style ca. 2 mm, pubescent in lower 1/2. Drupe ellipsoid, 1-1.2 × ca. 0.7 cm; endocarp thinly bony, with 3 ventral sutures. Fl. Apr-May, fr. May-Aug.

Evergreen forests; 300-2000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Vietnam].


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