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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Alangiaceae | Alangium

3. Alangium chinense (Loureiro) Harms, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 15: 24. 1897.

八角枫 ba jiao feng

Alangium chinense

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Shrubs or small trees, 3-5 m tall. Branchlets pubescent when young, glabrescent. Petiole reddish, 4-6 cm; leaf blade ovate or orbicular to cordate, 8-20 × 5-12 cm, abaxially tufted pubescent at axils of veins, adaxially glabrous, strongly 3-5-veined at base, base usually oblique, occasionally rounded or subrounded, or triangular, margin entire or with few shallow lobes, apex acuminate. Inflorescences axillary cymes, 3-15-flowered. Flowers ca. 2 cm. Calyx lobes 4-7, shortly dentate. Petals valvate, 6(-8), lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm. Stamens 6-8, ca. as many as petals, glabrous. Drupe ovoid, 5-7 mm, seed 1. Fl. May-Jul, Sep-Oct, fr. Jul-Nov.

Forests, forest margins, exposed places; below 2500 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, S Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Nepal; E Africa, SE Asia].

1 Inflorescences not less than 7-flowered   (2)
+ Inflorescences usually to 6-flowered   (3)
2 (1) Branchlets, petioles, and inflorescences without long hairs.   3a subsp. chinense
+ Branchlets, petioles, and inflorescences with long hairs.   3b subsp. strigosum
3 (1) Leaf blade ovate, base rounded, margin entire.   3c subsp. pauciflorum
+ Leaf blade usually orbicular, base triangular or suborbicular, 3-5-lobed, lobes lanceolate or subovate.   3d subsp. triangulare


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