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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Combretaceae | Lumnitzera

2. Lumnitzera racemosa Willdenow, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften. 4: 187. 1803.

榄李 lan li

Bruguiera madagascariensis Candolle; Funckia karakandel Dennstedt; Laguncularia rosea Gaudichaud-Beaupré; Lumnitzera racemosa var. pubescens Koorders & Valeton; L. rosea (Gaudichaud-Beaupré) C. Presl; Petaloma alba Blanco; P. albiflora Zippelius ex Spanoghe; P. alternifolia Roxburgh; Pokornya ettingshausenii Montrouzier; Problastes cuneifolia Reinwardt.

Shrubs or small trees, to 8 m tall; trunk to 0.3 m d.b.h. Bark brown or grayish black, coarse. Branchlets red or grayish black. Leaf blade pale green adaxially, spatulate to oblanceolate or obovate, 3.5-7 × 1-2.5 cm, apex retuse or rounded; lateral veins usually in 3 or 4 pairs. Inflorescences axillary, 2-6 cm. Flowers fragrant. Calyx tube ca. 9 mm; bracteoles ca. 1 mm; lobes deltoid, 1-2 mm, apex obtuse or shortly mucronate. Petals white, elliptic, 4.5-5 mm, apex obtuse. Stamens 5 or 10, 4-5 mm, shorter than or equaling petals. Style ca. 4 mm. Fruit blackish brown when ripe, ellipsoid or ovoid, slightly compressed on one side, 1-2 cm × 5-8 mm excluding stipe, 2- or 3-ridged, smooth proximally, longitudinally striate distally; stipe ca. 1 mm. Fl. Nov-Aug, fr. Aug-Apr.

Open remnant mangrove forests along sea shores, estuaries, lagoon sides, saltwater swamps, swamps, swampy meadows on sandy soils. Guangdong, Guangxi (Fangcheng, Hepu), Hainan, Taiwan [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), S Korea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; E Africa (including Madagascar), N Australia, Pacific islands].

Chinese plants belong to Lumnitzera racemosa var. racemosa , which occurs throughout the range of the species; L. racemosa var. lutea (Gaudichaud-Beaupré) Exell (Laguncularia lutea Gaudichaud-Beaupré; Lumnitzera lutea (Gaudichaud-Beaupré) C. Presl), which has yellow petals, is confined to Timor.


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