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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Combretaceae

1. Lumnitzera Willdenow, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften. 4: 186. 1803.

榄李属 lan li shu

Funckia Dennstedt (1818), not Willdenow (1808); Pokornya Montrouzier; Problastes Reinwardt; Pyrrhanthus Jack.

Trees small or shrubs, evergreen. Leaves spiraled, densely crowded at apices of branchlets; leaf blade spatulate to narrowly oblanceolate, gradually narrowed into a short petiole, somewhat fleshy, glossy and glabrous when mature; lateral veins inconspicuous or obscure. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, short, several-flowered spikes or racemes. Calyx tube cylindric or cylindric-ellipsoid, not differentiated into proximal and distal parts, bearing 2 deltoid bracteoles minutely glandular pilose at margin; lobes 5, persistent, deltoid or broadly triangular, margin minutely glandular pilose. Petals 5, red or white, rarely pink [or yellow]. Stamens 5-10. Style persistent. Fruit fusiform or ellipsoid, obtusely angled, dry, ± woody, nearly smooth or longitudinally wrinkled, apex bearing persistent calyx lobes and style.

Two species: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), S Korea, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; E Africa (including Madagascar), N Australia, Pacific islands; two species in China.

The species of this genus are trees of mangrove forests, banks of tidal creeks, and borders of coastal fishponds.

1 Petals bright red; inflorescences terminal; stamens ca. 2 × as long as petals; fruit fusiform, stipe ca. 5 mm.   1 L. littorea
+ Petals white; inflorescences axillary; stamens shorter than or equaling petals; fruit ellipsoid or ovoid, stipe ca. 1 mm.   2 L. racemosa

Lower Taxa


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