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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Myrtaceae | Syzygium

6. Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merrill & L. M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 115. 1938.

洋蒲桃 yang pu tao

Myrtus samarangensis Blume, Bijdr. 1084. 1826-1827; Eugenia javanica Lamarck; Jambosa samarangensis (Blume) Candolle.

Trees, to 12 m tall. Branchlets compressed. Petiole less than 4 mm to sometimes nearly absent; leaf blade elliptic to oblong, 10-22 × 5-8 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially with numerous small glands, adaxially turning yellowish brown when dry, secondary veins 14-19 on each side of midvein, 6-10 mm apart, and at an angle of ca. 45° from midvein, reticule veins conspicuous, intramarginal veins ca. 5 mm from margin and an additional intramarginal vein ca. 1.5 mm from margin, base narrow, rounded, or slightly cordate, apex obtuse to slightly acute. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, cymes, 5-6 cm, several-flowered. Flowers white. Hypanthium obconic, 7-8 × 6-7 mm. Calyx lobes 4, semiorbicular, ca. 4 × 4 mm or larger. Petals 4, distinct, 1-1.3 cm. Stamens numerous, ca. 1.5 cm. Style 2.5-3 cm. Fruit dark red, pyriform to conic, 4-5 cm, fleshy, glossy, apex impressed; persistent sepals fleshy. Seed 1. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. May-Jun.

Cultivated in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, and Yunnan [native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and Thailand].


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