4. Dendropanax dentiger (Harms) Merrill, Brittonia. 4: 132. 1941.
树参 shu shen
Gilibertia dentigera Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 487. 1900; Dendropanax chevalieri var. dentiger (Harms) H. L. Li; D. inflatus H. L. Li; D. inflatus f. multiflorus C. J. Tseng & G. Hoo; D. inflatus f. paniculatus C. J. Tseng & G. Hoo; D. inflatus f. prominens C. J. Tseng & G. Hoo; G. dentigera var. anodonta Handel-Mazzetti; G. intercedens Handel-Mazzetti; G. sinensis Nakai; Textoria dentigera (Harms) Nakai; T. sinensis (Nakai) Nakai.
Shrubs or small trees, to ca. 10 m tall, hermaphroditic. Petiole (0.5-)1-9 cm; leaf blade sometimes dimorphic, glandular punctate or not; unlobed blades ovate-elliptic or elliptic, less often oblong-elliptic to elliptic (or lanceolate especially in young plants), (4-)7-13(-27) × 1.5-6(-8) cm, 3-veined, secondary veins 2-6 pairs; lobed blades (when present) palmately 2- or 3-lobed, lobes narrowly triangular-ovate or ovate-lanceolate; tertiary veins raised on both surfaces, leathery (less often papery), base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin entire, often with irregularly scattered narrowly triangular teeth to ca. 1.5 mm, sometimes minutely revolute, apex acute to acuminate (rarely caudate). Inflorescence terminal; umbels solitary or 2 or 3(-5); 2-5 cm in diam., 10-25(-50)-flowered; peduncle 1-5 cm, stout; pedicels 0.2-1.5 cm in flower, to 3 cm in fruit. Calyx rim entire to minutely 5-toothed. Ovary 5-carpellate; styles 5, united at base (sometimes free nearly to base). Fruit ellipsoid to subglobose, rarely obloid, globose, or pyriform, 5-12 × 4-7 mm, ribbed when dry; styles persistent, 1.5-2 mm, free arms divergent to recurved apically. Fl. Jun, Aug-Sep, fr. Jul, Oct-Dec.
Evergreen broad-leaved forests or scrub, from near sea level to 1800 m. S Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, W Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, NE and SE Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam].