18. Schefflera chinensis (Dunn) H. L. Li, Sargentia. 2: 17. 1942.
中华鹅掌柴 zhong hua e zhang chai
Oreopanax chinensis Dunn, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 35: 500. 1903; Schefflera pentagyra C. J. Tseng & G. Hoo; S. wangii H. L. Li.
Trees, to 10 m tall, probably andromonoecious. Petiole (10-)15-45 cm; petiolules 1-7 cm; leaflets 5-7, oblong-elliptic or elliptic to slightly ovate or obovate, (6-)10-24 × 3-12 cm, leathery, abaxially sparsely stellate pubescent or subglabrous, adaxially glabrous and sometimes shiny, secondary veins 8-12 pairs, raised, tertiary veins conspicuous abaxially, impressed adaxially in dry material, base broadly cuneate to nearly rounded, margin entire, sometimes serrate with 3-8 teeth apically, apex rounded to obtuse to acuminate. Inflorescence a terminal panicle of heads, densely woolly stellate pubescent, glabrescent; primary axis 20-35 cm; secondary axes to 15 cm, shorter apically, with a terminal head of bisexual flowers and 1 to few lateral heads of male flowers (caducous but leaving scars); flowers sessile or subsessile, heads globose. Calyx densely stellate pubescent, glabrescent. Ovary 5-carpellate; styles 5, ca. 1 mm, united at base, free apically. Fruit globose to obovoid or obloid, ca. 5 × 4.5-6 mm, 5-ribbed when dry; styles persistent, united for 1-1.5 mm, free arms recurved; pedicels to 1.5(-2) mm. Fl. Oct-Nov, fr. Feb-Mar.
● Evergreen broad-leaved forests, wet places in valleys, stream banks; 1500-2700 m. Jiangxi, SW Yunnan.