3. Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 153. 1789.
天胡荽 tian hu sui
Plants strongly aromatic. Stem weak, slender, filiform, creeping, diffusely branched. Petioles 0.7–9 cm, glabrous or distally pubescent; leaf blade reniform-rounded, 0.5–1.5 × 0.8–2.5 cm; membranous, variably hairy, adaxially glabrous and abaxially sparsely strigose along veins, or sometimes both surfaces glabrous or densely puberulous, base cordate, entire or shallowly 5–7-lobed, lobes rounded. Umbel solitary at the nodes, each umbel 5–8-flowered; peduncle filiform, 0.5–3.5 cm, 1–1/3 the length of the petioles; bracts ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 1–1.5 mm, membranous, with bright yellow glands; pedicels obsolete or almost so. Petals greenish white, ca. 1.2 mm, with yellow glands. Styles 0.6–1 mm, spreading. Fruit broadly globose, greenish yellow when young, covered with purplish stains when mature; intermediate ribs very prominent. Fl. and fr. Apr–Sep.
Forests, slopes, wet valleys, grassy places, stream banks; 100–3000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; tropical Africa].