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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Apiaceae | Ligusticum

8. Ligusticum sinense Oliver, Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 20: t. 1958. 1891.

藁本 gao ben

Plants 0.5–1 m tall. Rootstock thick, apparently swollen at nodes, internodes short. Stem single, erect, striate and branching. Basal petioles 10–20 cm; blade triangular-ovate, 15–20 × 10–15 cm, ternate to 1- or 2-pinnate, primary pinnae 4–6 pairs, proximal pinnae remote; ultimate segments ovate or oblong-ovate, 2–3 × 1–2 cm, margins irregularly serrate. Cauline leaves similar to basal, reduced, sessile, 1-pinnate. Umbels terminal and lateral, 6–8 cm across in fruit; bracts 5–6(–10), linear; rays 15–30, subequal, 3–5 cm; bracteoles 5–8, linear, shorter than pedicels, reflexed. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white, obovate, base cuneate. Styles ca. equaling fruit, reflexed. Fruit oblong-ovoid, 2–3 × 1.5–2 mm; dorsal and intermediate ribs prominent, filiform, lateral ribs narrowly winged; vittae 1–3(–4) in each furrow, 4–6 on commissure. Seed face plane. Fl. Jul–Aug, fr. Sep–Oct. 2n = 22*.

Forests, montane scrub, grassy slopes, streamsides, moist roadsides, also cultivated; 500–2700 m. Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan.

Two varieties and three cultivars can be recognized in China.

1 Ultimate leaf segments incised to laciniate or pinnatifid; rootstock a thick tuber; plants never or very rarely flowering or setting seed.   (2)
+ Ultimate leaf segments irregularly serrate; rootstock swollen at nodes or tuberous; plants usually flowering and setting seed.   (3)
2 (1) Ultimate leaf segments incised to laciniate.   8d Ligusticum sinense cv. Fuxiong
+ Ultimate leaf segments pinnatifid.   8e Ligusticum sinense cv. Chuanxiong
3 (1) Fruit ribs all narrowly winged, subequal.   8c var. hupehense
+ Fruit ribs prominent, or only lateral ribs narrowly winged.   (4)
4 (3) Dorsal and intermediate fruit ribs prominent, filiform, lateral ribs narrowly winged; rootstock slightly swollen at nodes.   8a var. sinense
+ Fruit ribs all prominent, filiform, subequal, wingless; rootstock tuberous.   8b Ligusticum sinense cv. Jinxiong

Lower Taxa


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