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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Apiaceae | Sanicula

1. Sanicula rubriflora F. Schmidt ex Maximowicz, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans. 9 [Prim. Fl. Amur.]: 123. 1859.

红花变豆菜 hong hua bian dou cai

Plants up to 1 m high. Taproot bearing fibrous or fleshy-fibrous roots. Stem erect, unbranched. Basal leaves numerous; petiole 13–55 cm; blade round-cordate or reniform-orbicular, 3.5–10 × 6.5–12 cm, palmately 3-parted, segments shallowly 2–3-lobed and setose-serrate; central segment obovate, base cuneate; lateral segments broad-obovate, usually parted to the middle or below. Bracts 2, foliaceous, 3-parted; rays 3; bracteoles 3–7, oblanceolate or linear, 7–35 × 3–6 mm, entire or 1–3-serrate; umbellules many-flowered. Staminate flowers 15–20 per umbellule, pedicellate; calyx teeth ovate-lanceolate, 1.2–1.8 × 0.6–1 mm, midrib conspicuous; petals pinkish to purple, base attenuate, apex notched. Fertile flowers 3–5 per umbellule, subsessile; calyx teeth and petals as in staminate flowers; styles about 2 times as long as the calyx teeth, recurved. Fruit ovoid or ovoid-globose, ca. 4.5 × 4 mm, densely covered with yellow, uncinate bristles; vittae 5. Fl. and fr. Jun–Sep.

Shady wet places; 200–500 m. Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia (E Siberia)].

This species has reputed medicinal value.


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