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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Cornaceae | Cornus

19. Cornus chinensis Wangerin, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 6: 100. 1908.

川鄂山茱萸 chuan e shan zhu yu

Cornus chinensis f. jinyangensis (W. K. Hu) W. K. Hu; C. chinensis f. longipedunculata (W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu) W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu; C. chinensis f. microcarpa (W. K. Hu) W. K. Hu; Macrocarpium chinense (Wangerin) Hutchinson; M. chinense f. jinyangense W. K. Hu; M. chinense f. longipedunculatum W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu; M. chinense f. microcarpum W. K. Hu.

Trees 4–8 m tall; axis monopodial. Bark dark brown; winter buds of leaves terminal or axillary, narrowly conical. Flower buds in pairs, lateral, separated by terminal leaf bud, subglobose, pubescent with yellowish brown trichomes, apex acute. Leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 6–11 × 2.8–5.5 cm, abaxially sparsely pubescent with grayish white appressed trichomes and a cluster of conspicuous gray long trichomes in axils of veins, or sometimes tomentose, veins 5 or 6. Umbellate inflorescences lateral; bracts broadly ovate to elliptic, 6.5–7 mm, papery to leathery, both surfaces pubescent with appressed trichomes; peduncle purplish brown, 5–12 mm, ± pubescent. Pedicels 8–9 mm, slender, pubescent with long, yellow trichomes. Calyx triangular-lanceolate, ca. 0.7 mm. Petals lanceolate, ca. 4 mm. Stamens ca. 1.6 mm; anthers subglobose. Ovary campanulate, ca. 1 mm, pubescent with short gray trichomes; style 1–1.4 mm, glabrous. Fruit red or black (when ripe), oblong, 6–8(–10) × 3.4–4 mm; stones narrowly ellipsoid, ca. 7.5 mm, with few ribs. Fl. Apr, fr. Sep.

Dense forests, mixed forest margins, slopes; 700–2500(–3500) m. Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [?Myanmar].

The fruit is used medicinally to treat the same ailments as is Cornus officinalis.


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