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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Cornaceae | Cornus

Cornus chinensis Wanger.


Description from Flora of China

Cornus chinensis f. jinyangensis (W. K. Hu) W. K. Hu; C. chinensis f. longipedunculata (W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu) W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu; C. chinensis f. microcarpa (W. K. Hu) W. K. Hu; Macrocarpium chinense (Wangerin) Hutchinson; M. chinense f. jinyangense W. K. Hu; M. chinense f. longipedunculatum W. P. Fang & W. K. Hu; M. chinense f. microcarpum W. K. Hu.

Trees 4–8 m tall; axis monopodial. Bark dark brown; winter buds of leaves terminal or axillary, narrowly conical. Flower buds in pairs, lateral, separated by terminal leaf bud, subglobose, pubescent with yellowish brown trichomes, apex acute. Leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 6–11 × 2.8–5.5 cm, abaxially sparsely pubescent with grayish white appressed trichomes and a cluster of conspicuous gray long trichomes in axils of veins, or sometimes tomentose, veins 5 or 6. Umbellate inflorescences lateral; bracts broadly ovate to elliptic, 6.5–7 mm, papery to leathery, both surfaces pubescent with appressed trichomes; peduncle purplish brown, 5–12 mm, ± pubescent. Pedicels 8–9 mm, slender, pubescent with long, yellow trichomes. Calyx triangular-lanceolate, ca. 0.7 mm. Petals lanceolate, ca. 4 mm. Stamens ca. 1.6 mm; anthers subglobose. Ovary campanulate, ca. 1 mm, pubescent with short gray trichomes; style 1–1.4 mm, glabrous. Fruit red or black (when ripe), oblong, 6–8(–10) × 3.4–4 mm; stones narrowly ellipsoid, ca. 7.5 mm, with few ribs. Fl. Apr, fr. Sep.

The fruit is used medicinally to treat the same ailments as is Cornus officinalis.

Dense forests, mixed forest margins, slopes; 700–2500(–3500) m. Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [?Myanmar].


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