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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 14 | Ericaceae | Enkianthus

1. Enkianthus chinensis Franchet, J. Bot. (Morot). 9: 371. 1895.

灯笼吊钟花 deng long diao zhong hua

Enkianthus chinensis

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Bodinierella cavaleriei H. Léveillé; Enkianthus brachyphyllus Franchet; E. cerasiflorus (H. Léveillé) H. Léveillé; E. leveilleanus Craib; E. rosthornii Diels; E. sinohimalaicus Craib; Zenobia cerasiflora H. Léveillé.

Shrubs or small trees, deciduous, 2.5–8 m tall. Twigs glabrous. Leaf petiole 0.5–1.5 cm, glabrous; leaf blade elliptic or oblong-elliptic, ca. 1.5 × 1.5–2.5 cm, papery to thinly papery, glabrous, midvein raised abaxially, impressed adaxially; secondary and fine veins inconspicuous, base cuneate or broadly cuneate, margin serrulate, apex acute. Inflorescences corymbose-racemose or umbellate; rachis 3–7 cm, slender, 10–20-flowered, glabrous or pubescent. Pedicel 1.5–3 cm, slender, glabrous or pubescent. Calyx glabrous or slightly ciliolate; lobes triangular, 2–3 mm. Corolla yellowish orange-striped and red, broadly campanulate, 7–10 mm; lobes slightly recurved, usually dark red. Filaments puberulous. Ovary glabrous; style glabrous or pubescent. Capsule pendulous, 4–7 mm; stalk distinctly recurved, 1–3.5 cm. Fl. May–Jul, fr. Jul–Sep.

Mixed forests, disturbed forests, thickets, sunny mountain slopes, mountain ridges; 900–1200(–3100) m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.


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