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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 15 | Sapotaceae | Madhuca

1. Madhuca pasquieri (Dubard) H. J. Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3. 7: 182. 1925.

紫荆木 zi jing mu

Dasillipe pasquieri Dubard, Ann. Inst. Bot.-Geol. Colon Marseille, ser. 3, 1: 92. 1913; Bassia pasquieri Lecomte; Madhuca subquincuncialis H. J. Lam & Kerpel.

Trees, to 30 m tall. Trunk to 60 cm d.b.h., bark blackish. Branchlets densely lenticellate, rust colored tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves scattered or more often closely clustered at end of branchlets; stipules lanceolate-linear, ca. 3 X 1 mm, early deciduous; petiole slender, 1.5--3.5 cm, rust colored to grayish pubescent; leaf blade obovate to obovate-oblong, 6--16 X 2--6 cm, both surfaces glabrous, base broadly acuminate to cuneate, apex broadly acuminate to abruptly acute, lateral veins 13--22(--26) pairs. Flowers several, axillary, fascicled. Pedicel 1.5--3.5 cm, rust colored to grayish pubescent. Sepals 4(or 5), 3--6 X 3--5 mm, rust colored to grayish pubescent. Corolla yellowish green, 5--7.5 mm, glabrous, lobes 6--11. Stamens (16--)18--22(--24). Ovary ovoid, 1--2 mm, 6-celled, densely rust colored pubescent. Style subulate, 8--10 mm, densely rust colored pubescent. Fruit ellipsoid to globose, with lengthened style, 2--3 X 1.5--2 cm, rust colored tomentose but glabrescent; pericarp fleshy; 1--5-seeded. Seeds ellipsoid, 1.8--2.7 X 1--1.2 cm, with oblong scar. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Oct-Jan.

Forest; 0-1100 m. SW Guangdong, S Guangxi, SE Yunnan [Vietnam]

Seeds contain 30% edible oil. Trees are a source of valuable timber.


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