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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 15 | Sapotaceae | Pouteria

2. Pouteria grandifolia (Wallich) Baehni, Candollea. 9: 332. 1942.

龙果 long guo

Sideroxylon grandifolium Wallich in Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 348. 1824.

Trees to 40 m tall. Bark pale gray. Branchlets yellowish white tomentose or glabrous. Leaves alternate; petiole 1.4--4 cm, glabrous; leaf blade oblong-obovate, (10--)17--30 X (4--)6--10 cm, thin leathery, both surfaces glabrous, shiny, base cuneate, apex obtuse-acuminate to rarely rounded to obtuse, midrib abaxially conspicuously raised, lateral veins 6--12 pairs. Flowers axillary in clusters of 3--10. Pedicel 2--3 mm, pale yellow pubescent. Sepals rounded to broadly ovate, 2.5--3 mm, outside pale yellow pubescent, inside glabrous, inner sepals with membranous and fimbriate margin. Corolla green, becoming white, 2.5--4.5 mm. Stamens 1--1.5 mm; staminodes linear, ca. 1 mm, pale yellow pubescent. Disk densely pale yellow villous. Style ca. 2.8 mm. Fruit green to greenish brown, becoming yellow, globose, 4--5 cm, glabrous, apex rounded; pericarp fleshy; 2--5-seeded. Seeds fusiform and compressed, 2.5--3 X 1.2--1.3 cm; scar oblong. Fl. and fr. through year.

Rain forests, thickets; 500--1200 m. Yunnan (Xishuangbanna Zhou) [NE India, Myanmar, Thailand].

Fruit sweet and edible.


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