1. Bothriospermum chinense Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor. 47. 1833.
斑种草 ban zhong cao
Bothriospermum bicarunculatum Fischer & C. A. Meyer.
Herbs annual, rarely biennial, 20-30 cm tall, densely spreading or appressed hispid. Stems several, cespitose, erect or ascending, branched above or simple. Basal and lower stem leaves long petiolate, spatulate or oblanceolate, usually 3-6 × 1-1.5 cm, hirsute or appressed pubescent, hairs discoid at base, base attenuate, margin crisped or entire, apex obtuse; middle and upper stem leaves sessile, oblong to narrowly oblong, 1.5-2.5 cm × 5-10 mm, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, apex acute. Inflorescences 5-15 cm; bracts ovate to narrowly ovate. Pedicel 2-3 mm, elongated in fruit. Calyx 2.5-4 mm, spreading hispid and short appressed, pubescent outside; lobes lanceolate, fruiting calyx accrescent, ca. 8 mm wide. Corolla pale blue, 3.5-4 mm; throat appendages trapeziform, slightly 2-cleft at apex; limb 4-5 mm wide; lobes orbicular, ca. 1 mm wide. Stamens inserted ca. 1 mm above base; anthers ovate to oblong, ca. 0.7 mm. Style ca. 1/2 as long as calyx. Nutlets reniform, ca. 2.5 mm, wrinkled, densely tuberculate, aperture transversely elliptic. Fl. Apr-Jun.
* Hillside meadows, roadsides; 100-1600 m. Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi.