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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Boraginaceae | Heliotropium

1. Heliotropium marifolium Retzius, Observ. Bot. 2: 8. 1781.

大苞天芥菜 da bao tian jie cai

Subshrubs 10-15 cm tall, much branched; branches spreading or prostrate, sparsely hirtellous. Leaves crowded, ± opposite when young, alternate in age, ± sessile, narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 0.8-1.5 cm × 2-3 mm, densely antrorse appressed hirtellous, base cuneate, apex acute. Cymes terminal, scorpioid, 1-2.5 cm; bracts spreading, lanceolate, 3-4 mm. Flowers sessile, crowded. Calyx 2.5-4 mm, densely hispid outside, glabrous below middle inside; lobes lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, slightly enlarged in fruit. Corolla white, tubular, 2-3 mm, base ca. 1 mm wide; throat constricted to 0.5 mm; limb ca. 1 mm wide, densely hispid outside, slightly exceeding calyx or not; lobes ovate, ca. 0.5 mm. Filaments extremely short, inserted near base of corolla tube; anthers ovate-lanceolate, ca. 0.5 mm, apices thickened, coherent. Ovary globose. Style less than 0.5 mm; stigma ringlike at base, conical at apex. Fruit globose, ca. 2 mm in diam., densely pale yellow hirtellous, divided at maturity into 4 1-seeded mericarps; mericarps ca. 1.5 mm, white spotted adaxially near middle. Fl. Jun.

Arid, sandy beaches. Hainan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].


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