3. Elsholtzia fruticosa (D. Don) Rehder in Sargent in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 3: 381. 1917.
鸡骨柴 ji gu chai
Shrubs erect, 0.8-2 m tall, much branched. Stems and branches yellow- or purple-brown, white floccose-pilose, glabrescent, bark exfoliating. Petiole short to obsolete; leaf blade elliptic-lanceolate to oblong, 6-13 × 2-3.5 cm, densely yellow glandular, adaxially strigose, abaxially curved pubescent or glabrous except for sparsely puberulent veins, base narrowly cuneate, margin coarsely serrate except for entire base, apex acuminate; lateral veins 6-8 paired, prominent abaxially. Spikes cylindric, 6-20 × to 1.3 cm in flower, base ± interrupted, mostly densely pubescent; verticillasters short pedunculate, many flowered; bracts mostly lanceolate to subulate, shorter than verticillasters. Pedicel 0.5-2 mm. Calyx campanulate, ca. 1.5 mm, gray pubescent; teeth triangular-subulate, ca. 0.5 mm, subequal; fruiting calyx tubular, ca. 3 × 1 mm, conspicuously veined. Corolla white to yellowish, ca. 5 mm, floccose outside, golden glandular, hairy annulate inside; tube ca. 4 mm, ca. 1 mm wide at base, to 2 mm wide at throat; upper lip erect, ca. 0.5 mm, apex emarginate; middle lobe of lower lip circular, ca. 1 mm; lateral lobes semicircular. Nutlets brown, oblong, ca. 1.5 × 0.5 mm, adaxially ribbed, apex obtuse. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Oct-Nov.
Grasslands, hills, mountains, valleys; 1200-3800 m. Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Nepal]