18. Phlomis tibetica Marquand & Airy Shaw, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 128. 1890.
西藏糙苏 xi zang cao su
Stems 18-52 cm tall, densely strigose to sparsely puberulent. Petiole of basal leaves 5-15 cm, others 3.5-14 cm; basal leaf blades ovate-cordate, 4.5-7 × 4-5 cm, adaxially stellate strigose (hairs with unequal arms) or simple hairy, abaxially densely stellate pilose and simple hairy, base cordate, margin crenate to coarsely crenate, apex obtuse; stem leaf blades similar to basal, 6.5-8 × 6 cm, base shallowly cordate to truncate-cuneate. Verticillasters 1-3 (or 4), many flowered; floral leaves with petiole 0-5 mm, blade ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 2-5.5 × 1-2.7 cm, margin shallowly crenate; bracts subulate, 0.8-1.2 cm, densely purple-brown ciliate. Calyx tubular-campanulate, 1.0-1.2 cm × ca. 7 mm, puberulent and/or stellate puberulent, veins purple-brown setose outside, throat bristly inside; teeth 1-1.5 × 2-2.8 mm, truncate to emarginate, apical spine 1-1.8 mm. Corolla purple to deep wine red or pink, 1.8-2.2(-3) cm; tube retrorse pilose or subglabrous outside, villous annulate inside; limb densely stellate tomentose outside, upper lip ca. 8 mm, margin denticulate, gray-black or gray barbate inside; lower lip ca. 6 × 7 mm, middle lobe circular, ca. 3.5 mm in diam., margin irregularly undulate; lateral lobes shorter, semicircular. Filaments without basal appendages. Nutlets glabrous. Fl. Jul.
* Open alpine meadows, streamsides, forests, grassy slopes, cultivated areas; 3400-4500 m. Xizang