1. Lycianthes biflora (Loureiro) Bitter, Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen. 24: 461. 1920.
红丝线 hong si xian
Shrubs or subshrubs 0.5-1.5 m tall; pubescence yellowish, of simple, often moniliform hairs mixed with many-celled ones. Petiole 0.5-4 cm; leaf blade dimorphic; blade of major leaf elliptic-ovate, 9-15 × 3.5-7 cm, sparsely pubescent adaxially, denser abaxially, base cuneate, apex acute or acuminate; blade of minor leaf broadly ovate, 2.5-4 × 2-3 cm, base broadly rounded and decurrent, apex acute. Inflorescences several-flowered fascicles in leaf axils. Pedicel 0.5-2 cm. Calyx cup-shaped, 3-6 × 3-3.5 mm, 10-dentate; teeth linear-subulate, 2-3 mm. Corolla pale purple or white, often drying dark, stellate, 8-12 × 8-10 mm; lobes lanceolate, 6 × 1.8 mm. Filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers ca. 3 mm, sometimes pubescent adaxially. Style 8-9 mm. Fruiting pedicel 1-2 cm. Fruiting calyx densely pubescent with simple and branched hairs; teeth elongate, 3-3.5 mm. Berry red, globose, 6-9 mm in diam. Seeds numerous, pale yellow, ovate to subdeltate, ca. 2 ×1.5 mm, reticulate.
China [India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand]