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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Solanaceae | Lycium

4. Lycium barbarum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 192. 1753.

宁夏枸杞 ning xia gou qi

Shrubs (small tree in cultivation) 0.8-2 m tall. Stems and branches glabrous, branches thorny. Leaves solitary or fasciculate, lanceolate or long elliptic, 2-3 cm × 3-6 mm. Inflorescences solitary or clustered flowers. Pedicel 1-2 cm. Calyx campanulate, 4-5 mm, usually 2-lobed, lobes 2- or 3- toothed at apex. Corolla purple, funnelform; tube 8-10 mm, obviously longer than limb and lobes; lobes 5-6 mm, spreading, margin glabrescent. Stamens and style slightly exserted. Berry red or orange-yellow, oblong or ovoid, 0.4-2 cm × 5-10 mm. Seeds usually 4-20, brown-yellow, ca. 2 mm.

* Gansu, N Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, N Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang

1 Leaves broad, membranous or papery; seeds more than 15; berries red   4a var. barbarum
+ Leaves narrow, fleshy; seeds 4-8; berries orange yellow   4b var. auranticarpum

Lower Taxa


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