338. Pedicularis armata Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 24: 56. 1877.
刺齿马先蒿 ci chi ma xian hao
Herbs perennial, 8--16 cm tall, not drying black. Stems usually tufted, central stem erect, outer stems ascending to procumbent, usually longer than central stem, densely fine pubescent. Basal leaf petiole to 4 cm. Stem leaf petiole barely 1--2 cm, narrowly winged, white long ciliate; leaf blade linear-oblong, 2--4 cm X 4--10 mm, abaxially glabrous but with sparse scurfy dots, adaxially densely pubescent along midvein, pinnatipartite; segments 4--9 pairs, triangular-ovate to ovate, margin double dentate. Flowers axillary, many flowered. Pedicel to 1 cm, densely pubescent. Calyx 1.6--2 cm; tube cylindric, 1/3 cleft anteriorly, densely pubescent, reticulate-veined; lobes 2, ± palmately 3--5-divided. Corolla yellow throughout or lower lip with 3 crimson or maroon spots, pubescent, 5--9 cm; galea bent at a right angle apically; beak pointing forward, semicircular, ca. 1.5 cm; lower lip large, less than 2.6 cm wide, long ciliate. Filaments densely pubescent. Fl. Aug--Sep, fr. Sep.
* Alpine meadows, sunny slopes, turf; 3000--4600 m. Gansu, Qinghai, N Sichuan