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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18 | Scrophulariaceae | Pedicularis

112. Pedicularis gruina Franchet ex Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 32: 536. 1888.

鹤首马先蒿 he shou ma xian hao

Herbs perennial, 15--40 cm tall, drying black, sparsely to densely pubescent. Stems often several, usually many branched; branches erect or procumbent basally, sparsely pubescent. Leaves alternate; petiole short; leaf blade ± ovate-oblong, to 2 cm X 8 mm, pubescent on both surfaces, pinnatipartite to pinnatifid; segments 5--11 pairs, oblong, incised-double dentate, teeth callose. Inflorescences short racemose or subcapitate to long racemose. Pedicel 0.5--1.6 cm, slender, pubescent. Calyx 7--10 mm, 1/3--1/2 cleft anteriorly; lobes 5, unequal, densely rust colored pubescent, serrate. Corolla red to purplish red, 1.5--2 cm; tube erect, 7--10 mm; galea bent at a right angle apically, shaped like ibis head, dentate or protuberant on each side of margin; beak filiform, ca. 5 mm; lower lip longer than galea, ca. 1 X 1.6 cm, middle lobe smaller than lateral lobes, apex emarginate. Filaments densely villous. Capsule ovoid, 1--1.2 cm X 5--6 mm, apex acute. Fl. Jul--Oct, fr. Sep--Oct.

* Alpine meadows, mixed forests, damp soil by gully margins, mountainsides; 2600--3000 m. NW Yunnan

1 Leaves and flowers densely arranged; inflorescence longer, racemose   112c subsp. polyphylla
+ Leaves and flowers ± laxly arranged; inflorescences short racemose or subcapitate.   (2)
2 (1) Plants sparsely pubescent; leaves to 2 X 0.8 cm, pinnatipartite to pinnatisect   112a subsp. gruina
+ Plants densely pubescent; leaves to 10 X 3.3 cm, pinnatifid   112b subsp. pilosa

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