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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Adoxaceae | Viburnum

47. Viburnum punctatum Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 142. 1825.

鳞斑荚蒾 lin ban jia mi

Shrubs or small trees, evergreen, to 9 m tall. Bark light brown. Branchlets of current year with dense brown lenticels, initially with lepidote scales, glabrescent; branchlets of previous year gray-brownish, terete, glabrous, with sparse, small, rounded lenticels. Winter buds naked, lanceolate, with lepidote scales. Leaves always opposite, not clustered at apices of branchlets; stipules absent; petiole green, robust, 1-1.5 cm, with lepidote scales; leaf blade green when young, becoming olive-green and lustrous adaxially, oblong-elliptic or oblong-ovate, rarely oblong-obovate, (5-)8-14(-18) × 3.5-5.5(-7.5) cm, leathery, abaxially with lepidote scales, midvein raised abaxially, lateral veins 5-7-jugate, pinnate, arched, rarely branched, anastomosing near margin, raised abaxially, slightly impressed adaxially, veinlets transverse, inconspicuous on both surfaces, not lobed, base broadly cuspidate, without glands, margin entire or sometimes irregularly dentate in upper part, apex acute, sometimes caudate. Flowers appearing after leaves; inflorescence a compound umbel-like cyme, terminal, 7-10 cm in diam.; rays whorled; first node of inflorescence with 4 or 5 rays, lax, with lepidote scales, without large sterile radiant flowers; peduncles absent or very short; bracts persistent, greenish, linear-lanceolate, with sparse lepidote scales; bracteoles scalelike. Flowers on rays of 3rd and 4th orders, not fragrant, shortly pedicellate. Calyx greenish; tube obconical, ca. 1.5 mm, with sparse lepidote scales; lobes broadly ovate, short, glabrous, apex rounded or obtuse. Corolla white, rotate, 6-8 mm in diam., glabrous; tube ca. 4 mm; lobes spreading, broadly ovate, 2-3 mm, apex rounded, margin entire. Stamens subequaling corolla, inserted near base of corolla; filaments 3-4 mm; anthers yellow, broadly elliptic, ca. 1 mm. Styles slightly exceeding calyx lobes; stigmas capitate. Fruit initially turning red, maturing black, broadly ellipsoid, compressed, 8-15(-18) × 6-10 mm, base rounded, apex rounded, glabrous; pyrenes compressed, with 2 dorsal grooves and 3 shallow ventral grooves, both ends rounded. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. May-Oct. 2n = 18.

Dense forests, forest margins; 200-1900 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, SW Sichuan, Yunnan [?Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, N Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].


1 Corolla ca. 6 mm in diam.; fruit 8-10 × 6-8 mm.   47a var. punctatum
+ Corolla ca. 8 mm in diam.; fruit 14-15(-18) × ca. 10 mm.   47b var. lepidotulum

Lower Taxa


 

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