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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Achillea

10. Achillea wilsoniana (Heimerl ex Handel-Mazzetti) Heimerl in Handel-Mazzetti, Symb. Sin. 7: 1110. 1936.

云南蓍 yun nan shi

Achillea sibirica Ledebour subsp. wilsoniana Heimerl ex Handel-Mazzetti, Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl., Abt. 1, 61: 22. 1924; A. wilsoniana f. obconica Heimerl.

Herbs, perennial, with short rhizomes. Stems erect, 35-100 cm tall, densely villous above middle, glabrescent in lower part, usually corymbosely branched, with sterile branches at leaf axils in upper part. Proximal stem leaves withered by anthesis. Middle stem leaves sessile; leaf blade oblong, 4-6.5 × 1-2 cm, abaxially sparsely pilose, adaxially densely pilose, 2-pinnatisect; primary segments many, close together, elliptic-lanceolate, 5-10 × 2-4 mm; secondary segments few, lanceolate, proximal ones large, distal ones small; rachis ca. 1.5 mm wide, margin entire or dentate. Capitula many, in an apical compound corymb. Involucres broadly campanulate or hemispheric, 4-6 mm in diam.; phyllaries in 3 rows, overlapping, outer ovate-lanceolate, short, ca. 2.3 × 1.2 mm, apex slightly acute, middle ones ovate-elliptic, ca. 2.5 × 1.8 mm, inner ones long elliptic, ca. 4 × 1.8 mm, apex obtuse or rounded; midvein convex. Paleae lanceolate, ca. 4.5 mm, sparsely villous in upper part. Ray florets 6-8(-16); lamina white, occasionally with pinkish margin, ca. 2.2 × 2.2 mm, apex deeply or shallowly 3-denticulate. Disk florets yellowish or white, tubular. Achenes oblong-cuneate, ca. 2.5 × 1.1 mm, with winged lateral ribs. Pappus absent. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.

● Grasslands on mountain slopes, under thickets; 400-3700 m. Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan.

The entire plant is used in medicines to stop bleeding, to alleviate pain, and for strengthening the stomach.


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