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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Anaphalis

21. Anaphalis sinica Hance, J. Bot. 12: 261. 1874.

香青 xiang qing

Rhizome slender or thickish, woody, runners ca. 8 cm. Stems laxly or densely caespitose, erect, 20-50 cm, slender or thickish, usually simple or branching after efflorescence or on broken branches, white or ash-gray cottony tomentose, densely leafy. Rosette leaves densely lanate, apex obtuse or rounded. Lower leaves caducous and lost by anthesis; middle leaves oblong, oblanceolate-oblong, or linear, 2.5-9 × 0.2-1.5 cm, base attenuate, decurrent on stem and becoming a narrow or slightly broad wing, margin flat, apex acute, with short and small cusp; upper leaves smaller, lanceolate-linear or linear; all leaves arachnoid lanate, or densely white or yellow-white lanate abaxially or on both surfaces, mixed with glandular hairs, 1- or 3-veined with lateral veins vanishing. Capitula numerous, dense compound corymbiform or polycyclic corymbiform; peduncle slender. Involucre campanulate or almost obconical, 4-5(-6) × 4-6 mm; phyllaries 6- or 7-seriate; outer phyllaries light brownish, oval, ca. 2 mm, arachnoid tomentose; middle ones milky white or dirty white, lingulate-oblong, ca. 3.5 × 1-1.2 mm, apex obtuse or rounded; innermost ones narrower, narrowly elliptic, with a claw ca. 2/3 of full length; phyllaries in male florets usually obtuse. Center of predominantly female capitula with female florets and 1-4 male florets. Corolla 2.8-3 mm. Pappus slightly longer than corolla, incrassate at tip of apex in male florets, serrate. Achene 0.7-1 mm, with small gland. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Aug-Oct.

Low hill or subalpine shrub forests, grasslands, hillsides, slopes, banks, riversides; 400-2100 m. S Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, W Henan, W Hubei, E and S Hunan, S Jiangsu, W Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, NE Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, ?Nepal].

This is a widespread, extremely variable species. It is similar to Anaphalis aureopunctata but differs in being usually taller and more robust and having leaves denser, involucre smaller, and phyllaries more layered with base beige or gray-brown.

1 Stems laxly caespitose, 20-50 cm, internodes 5-20 mm; synflorescence dense or expanding; phyllaries white, rarely red   (2)
+ Stems densely caespitose, branched from rhizome, ca. 20 cm, internodes 2-10 mm; synflorescence dense; phyllaries white or weakly red   (3)
2 (1) Leaves oblong or oblanceolate-oblong; internodes 5-10 mm   21a var. sinica
+ Leaves lanceolate, linear-oblong, or linear; internodes 10-20 mm, longer on upper stems.   21b var. alata
3 (1) Leaves green and sparsely lanate ad- axially, densely lanate abaxially   21c var. densata
+ Leaves and stems densely white thickish lanate.   21d var. lanata

Lower Taxa


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