56. Artemisia gilvescens Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 2: 175. 1866.
湘赣艾 xiang gan ai
Artemisia vulgaris Linnaeus var. gilvescens (Miquel) Nakai.
Herbs, perennial; stems erect, (30-)80-150 cm tall, densely lanate, shortly branched from upper nodes, branches sometimes nodding. Middle stem leaves ± sessile, papery; leaf blade 6-7 × 2.8-4.5(-6) cm, abaxially densely arachnoid tomentose, adaxially green, densely white punctuate, sparsely arachnoid tomentose or glabrescent, 3(-5)-lobed, base cuneate or attenuate into obscure petiole; terminal lobe oblong-acute, entire or with 1 or 2 distant serrations; lateral lobes smaller, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate. Upper leaves gradually smaller, sessile; leaf blade oblong, base cuneate, margin entire, slightly recurved, apex acute. Synflorescence a narrow panicle, also produced on lateral branches from upper leaf axils to form large panicles; lower branches to 2.5 cm, often much shorter than subtending bracts. Capitula shortly pedunculate. Involucre cylindric, ca. 4 × (2-)2.5-3 mm; phyllaries in 3 series, densely arachnoid pubescent, outer phyllaries ovate, obtuse, rather short, median and inner phyllaries oblong, apex rounded. Marginal female florets 5-8; corolla ca. 1.5 mm. Disk florets 7-13, bisexual; corolla ca. 2.2 mm, tube ca. 1 mm. Achenes ellipsoid or obovoid, ca. 0.8 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct.
Roadsides, shrublands, forest margins; low elevations. Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan [Japan].
Artemisia gilvescens is used medicinally.