8. Carpesium triste Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 19: 479. 1874.
暗花金挖耳 an hua jin wa er
Carpesium manshuricum Kitamura; C. pseudotracheliifolium Y. Ling; C. triste var. manshuricum Kitamura; C. triste var. sinense Diels; C. tristiforme Handel-Mazzetti.
Herbs, perennial. Stems slender, 40-100 cm tall, densely spreading pubescent, especially at base, branched in upper part. Leaves radical and cauline; radical leaves withering before flowering; lower cauline leaves with long, winged petiole, ovate-oblong, 13-20 × 3-5 cm, densely pubescent on surfaces, base rounded, margin irregularly mucronate-toothed; median leaves narrower, long acuminate; upper leaves gradually smaller, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, acuminate at both ends. Capitula several to many, on branches; bracts linear-lanceolate, as long as or longer than capitula, reflexed. Involucre campanulate, 5-6 × 6-10 mm; phyllaries 3-seriate, mostly all alike, outer oblong-lanceolate, scarious. Corolla of marginal florets narrow, tubular, ca. 2.5 mm; corolla of disk florets ca. 3.5 × 1 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Achenes 3-3.5 mm. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 40.
Forests, streamsides; 700-3700 m. Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Russia].