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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Cremanthodium

1. Cremanthodium campanulatum Diels, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 5: 190. 1912.

钟花垂头菊 zhong hua chui tou ju

Stems solitary, rarely 2, erect, purplish red, 10-30 cm tall, 2-3 cm in diam., proximally glabrous, distally purple pilose. Basal leaves petiolate; petiole 6-12 cm, purple pilose, base sheathed; leaf blade reniform, 0.7-2.5 × 1-5 cm, glabrous, sometimes abaxially purple, pilose, margin purple pilose, shallowly crenate or lobed; lobes 7-12, with white prominent palmate veins on both surfaces. Middle stem leaves shortly petiolate, base sheathed; leaf blade smaller, reniform. Distal stem leaves ovate or lanceolate, margin sharply dentate, without sheaths. Capitulum solitary, nodding. Involucre campanulate, 1.5-2.8 × 1.5-4.5 cm, outside blackish purple pilose or glabrous, but base hairy; phyllaries 10-14, in 2 rows, purplish red, rarely yellowish white, petaloid, obovate-oblong or broadly elliptic, 0.7-2.5 cm, thin, submembranous, conspicuously veined, margin subentire, ciliate, outside sometimes pilose, apex rounded or rarely acute. Florets numerous, all tubular, purplish red, 6-8 mm; tube ca. 2 mm; styles extending from corolla, slender; style branches blackish purple papillate. Achenes brown, cuneate, 3-5 mm, slightly compressed, apex truncate, with denticulate corona. Pappus white or brown, as long as or shorter than tubular corolla. Fl. and fr. May-Sep.

Forest understories, forest margins, grassy slopes, scrub, alpine meadows, gravelly areas on mountains; 3200-4800 m. Sichuan, SE Xizang, NW and W Yunnan [NE Myanmar].

1 Phyllaries yellowish white, outside long white pilose.   1c var. flavidum
+ Phyllaries purplish red   (2)
2 (1) Leaves abaxially shortly pilose; phyllaries outside shortly black pilose; pappus brown, much shorter than tubular corolla   1b var. brachytrichum
+ Leaves glabrous; phyllaries outside blackish purple pilose or glabrous; pappus white, as long as corolla.   1a var. campanulatum

Lower Taxa


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Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
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