All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 24 Page 373 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 24 | Zingiberaceae | Hedychium

11. Hedychium spicatum Smith in Rees, Cycl. 17: Hedychium no. 3. 1811.

草果药 cao guo yao

Hedychium spicatum

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Pseudostems ca. 1 m. Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate; ligule entire, 1.5--2.5 cm, membranous; leaf blade oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 10--40 × 3--10 cm, glabrous or abaxially sparsely villous along midvein, base acute, apex acuminate. Spikes to 20 cm, laxly few or densely many flowered; bracts oblong, 2.5--3 cm, 1-flowered. Flowers fragrant. Calyx 2.5--3.5 cm, apex 3-toothed, split on 1 side. Corolla pale yellowish; tube to 8 cm, apex sometimes purplish red; lobes linear, ca. 2.5 cm, base sometimes purplish red. Lateral staminodes white or becoming yellow, sometimes purplish red, obovate, apex 2-lobed; lobes clawed, apex acute. Labellum yellowish, sometimes purplish red. Filament pale reddish, shorter than labellum. Capsule subglobose, 1.5--2.5 cm in diam., 3-valved; valves ca. 6-seeded. Fl. Jun--Oct. fr. Oct--Nov.

Forests; 1200--3200 m. Guizhou, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, N Thailand].


1 Spikes densely many flowered; flowers yellowish   11a var. spicatum
+ Spikes laxly few flowered; flowers yellowish but apex of corolla tube, base of corolla lobes, lateral staminodes, and labellum purplish red   11b var. acuminatum


Related Objects  
  • Image/JPEG (Harvard University Herbaria)
  • Image/JPEG

    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image/JPEG (David E. Boufford)
  • Image/JPEG

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |