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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Burmanniaceae | Burmannia

10. Burmannia championii Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 325. 1864.

头花水玉簪 tou hua shui yu zan

Burmannia dazielii Rendle; B. hunanensis K. M. Liu & C. L. Long.

Plants without chlorophyll, holomycotrophic, flowering when 3-22 cm tall. Stems whitish, slender. Basal rosette leaves absent. Cauline leaves ovate-triangular, 1.5-6 × 1-3 mm. Inflorescences 3-13-flowered; bracts ovate-triangular, 1.5-6 mm. Flowers pedicellate or sessile, whitish with yellow tepals, 5-11 mm. Perianth tube 3-5 mm; wings reduced to ribs or absent; outer tepals narrowly triangular, 1.5-3 mm, margin single; inner tepals spatulate, 0.8-1.4 mm, margin single. Stamens sessile or with a short filament, basally adnate to perianth; connectives sometimes with 2 small apical crests but lacking a pendent basal spur. Ovary ellipsoid to obovoid, 2.5-3.5 mm. Capsule subglobose. Seeds subglobose. Fl. and fr. May-Aug.

Wet areas in forests; sea level to 1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Taiwan [India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand; Pacific islands].


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